Vincent used new and brighter colored impressionist oil paints which came pre-mixed and in tubes, a recent and convenient development in oil painting. This was a change from the more subdued colors used by the realists of past centuries. Oil on Canvas is Vincent’s preferred method of painting but he will use less expensive methods (water color on paper) when frugality is required.
Paintings created with oil based paints on a stretched and primed canvas attached to a wooden frame and secured on easel while being created.
Paintings created on cardboard instead of canvas for reasons of both effect and economics for impressionists, used commonly for sketching complex compositions by others.