The Barriere with Horse Omnibus: Porte de Clichy

The Barriere with Horse Omnibus: Porte de Clichy

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Painting Date
29th of June 1887
Painting Type
Seasonal Spring Watercolor
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From Musee D’Orsay “Van Gogh a Paris” 1988:

La Barriere with Horse Omnibus: Between Fortifications The words “Porte de Clichy” is justified by two considerations (Vincent van Gogh Foundation Inv of 420V / 1962.). First, the small office of the grant, from which we see a horse omnibus, finds himself in the same way in another watercolor which parallels it (related image: Road Running Beside the Paris Ramparts – Watercolor JuneJuly 1887 Paris). The site is the same, but seen from a different perspective. Second, it is listed in the 1970 edition of the catalog De la Faille, entitled “The Barrier” but it would be more accurate to call it “The Barrier: Porte de Clichy to the West “: the large building topped chimneys, the arrièreplan is the bastion 45, which was located on the boulevard Bessières, east of the Porte de Clichy (Cat No. 49 Fig A..).

The watercolor shown here is a view of Paris from the Porte de Clichy; the artist settled on the east side of the road, facing south. The properties that appear in the two watercolors are not identical, they are similar in construction and situated not far from each other. These two watercolors close by the subject, are also in spirit. In a summer atmosphere, many passers drive this road on the borders of Paris. In both works, the artist’s technique is particularly open, inventive and shows a very personal application of the Impressionist manner. The settlers are beaming with a major contrast blue and orange-yellow and a minor contrast between patches of red and green. Van Gogh had an engraving with the English title “Escaping Paris by Night” (Night of Paris Evasion, Fig. B), showing a sinister characters band crossing the ramparts aid of ropes, a night of full moon. If he gives a festive air to these fortifications, but rather under the inspiration of literary works. Among his favorite authors, Maupassant in Bel Ami and the Goncourt brothers in Germinie Lacerteux make fortifications Clichy an area full of attractions for their characters: Germinie in particular.

Ramparts Paris near the Porte de Clichy Summer 1887 Watercolor Manchester, Whitworth Art Gallery, University of Manchester in 1405 F (1927 D4 Inv..): The Fortifications The building structure is seen at top right matches bastion of the Porte de Clichy viewed from the rear, which justifies the given Utre. In the system of fortifications of Paris, it was the bastion 45, located east of the Porte de Clichy, with its two wings “U” facing south on the boulevard Bessières (Fig. A and PLAN). This large five-storey building was visible above the walls, even up close, and it appeared further seen further: for example, from this place to the west of the Porte de Clichy, which is carried Another watercolor making it as part of this series of four scenes of fortifications (cat. 48 Fig. a). This watercolor, like two of this series, was preceded by a pencil sketch (F back in 1719): the angle of view diïîère some of the watercolor sketch ‘. Van Gogh goal was obviously not to value any particular building, nor its military significance. In addition possibUités offered by this kind of site for a purified composition (Fig. B), van Gogh liked to see these spaces in the open air which benefited the residents of the neighborhood to escape the industrial areas of Clichy after work or during weekends. In this example, only a couple and woman with umbrella, under a sky of a very bright blue, suggest these relaxations; we find a less festive atmosphere than in the other two most luminous versions that rely more characters and probably evoke a day off. At every stage of his career, there are walkers in van Gogh’s landscapes; in many of the landscapes first performed in Paris he represented them in parks or gardens, are found in this watercolor and those that are its counterparts located in another framework. These places were familiar to Parisians who lived at the time the confines of the city. Van Gogh provides us with watercolors sunlit, one of the most vivid memories imaginable, these colorful sights and people who attended.

Related Image: This drawing the dimensions are different from those of F 1400, F 1402, F 1405. It is stored in the Rijksmuseum Vincent Van Gogh in Amsterdam. Indeed, in the 1880s, the fortifications were associated in the popular imagination with criminal activities, and get inspired writers; cf. eg JK Huysmans in Paris Sketches (prem. Ed. 1880), a work in which were reproduced Les Remparts North of Paris and La Bievre, works by Jean-François Rafîaëlli that Vincent had (currently in the Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh) (Cat. N0 50 fig. a). l ..,. Cat. # 48 Fig. a Vincent van Gogh, bqijMeue View (F 1400). Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh (Vincent van Gogh Foundation). Cat. # 48 Fig. b Engraving: Night Escape Paris. Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh (Vincent van Gogh Foundation).



La Barriere with Horse Omnibus: Porte de Clichy – 24 cm x 51.5 cm

Watercolor, pen and pencil on watercolor paper

Summer 1887

Amsterdam, Rijksmuseum Vincent van Gogh,

F: 1401


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