Vase with Oleanders
Vase with Oleanders
Painted around the same time as One Eared Vase with Oleanders - August, 1888. Painting has been missing since 1944 - either destroyed or stolen by Nazis in Germany from the Château de Rastignac, where it had been moved for safe keeping by the French Jewish family who owned it.
This painting has an interesting provenance in that it was first owned by Vincent’s postman friend in Arles, Joseph Roulin. Vincent paints portraits of the entire Roulin family as he is short of willing models and enjoys the friendship of the patriarch of the Roulin family.
Where Still Life: Vase with Oleanders resides is unknown. There is a theory, or maybe legend, that the painting was stolen in 1944 during World War II.
Prior to 1940 the painting was in the collection of the Bernheim-Jeune gallery in Paris. The Bernheim-Jeune gallery, owned by a French Jewish family, played an important role in marketing Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings in Paris. In 1901 Alexander Bernheim (1839-1915), with help from his sons, Josse (1870-1941), and Gaston (1870-1953), organized the first important exhibition of Vincent van Gogh paintings in Paris with the help of art critic Julien Leclercq, and the family (led by Josse and Gaston) opened their gallery specializing in modern art in 1906.
In 1940 sensing that they, of Jewish background, would be targeted by the Nazi regime during World War II, the Bernheim-Jeune family packaged 30 or so Impressionist and Post-Impressionist paintings that were in their collection and brought them to the Château de Rastignac belonging to family friends in Dordogne for safekeeping. In 1941 their gallery was sequestered, paintings confiscated and their buildings sold.
On March 30, 1944 fleeing Nazi Schutzstaffel (SS) forces attempted to destroy the Château de Rastignac and they raided the château, (which was of special interest because the owners had British connections, and the chateau was modeled after the American White House) as retribution against the French Resistance. After five truckloads of items were removed from the house, it was set afire. The paintings may have been taken, or they may have been destroyed. Whatever the case, they have not been seen since.
Painting, Oil on Canvas – 56 x 36 cm Size 10 Paysage
Arles: August 31, 1888
Location unknown (possibly stolen in 1944)
F: 594, JH: 1567