Vincent's Timeline

We chronicle the life and work of Van Gogh
Le Début
  • 01 Jan 1850

    Vincent Van Gogh

      Vincent’s life was a short 37 years with only the last 10 being occupied with the pursuit of art. In those 10 years of effort, he created nearly 1000 paintings and as many drawings and sketches. His canvases, though highly prized now, were not received well by critics nor fellow artists until the last months of his difficult life. He was a loner and a bit outcast as a schoolboy and grew up a pious young man in the house of the town vicar, his father. He had seven brothers and sisters, some of whom were afflicted with mental illness as was he in later years. He had a close bond and partnership with his younger brother by 5 years, Theo, who became an art dealer in the family business and beyond. Theo Van Gogh did as much as anyone at the time to support the impressionist artists’ break from the realism popular in the salons of Paris in the 1880s and Theo supported Vincent and Paul Gauguin when they broke even farther away. The story of Vincent’s short and passionate life is a fascinating one of a misunderstood and highly principled genius of color who put himself in an asylum for a time but rarely stopped producing brilliant pieces in a prolific manner. Vincent’s life is one of a pilgrim on a long and difficult journey to a meeting with his Lord, a metaphor which struck him early and perhaps stayed with him in spirit through his final canvas.  

  • April 21, 1851

    Theodorus Van Gogh and Anna Carbentus married in Kloosterkirk, Vincent’s parents

    5-21-1851: Theodorus was a parson in Zundert and the Van Gogh name is a respected one in Holland. Anna is…

  • March 30, 1852

    Theodorus and Anna have a stillborn boy they name Vincent and bury

    3-30-1852: The stillborn birth happens one year to the date before Vincent Van Gogh was born.

  • March 30, 1853

    Vincent born at the Parsonage of the Zundert Market

    On March 30th, 1853, Theodorus and Anna Carbentis Van Gogh bring Vincent Van Gogh into the world in Zundert, Netherlands.

  • October, 1864

    At 11 years old, Vincent is sent to Jan Provily’s boarding school in Zevenbergen

    No other schooling has worked for young Vincent.  His parents have had difficulty understanding him and most who have met the introspective and somewhat introverted boy have found him to be different or strange.  He prefers to be away from others and take long walks even as a boy, observing and reflecting with a sense of anxiety beneath it all, fueling him.  He is like his mother in temperament and will grow to idolize his father and wish to follow in his footsteps and lead a parish someday.  His frustrated parents send him to his first of three boarding schools at 11 years old. A heartsick and freckled, redheaded Vincent is a child in years only, already carrying a self  imposed burden on his broadening shoulders as he begins his pilgrimmage.

  • Summer, 1866

    Summer, 1866 – Vincent is sent to Willem II High School in Tilburg, Netherlands

    This is where he meets Huysman as an instructor and learns to draw.  He lodges with the Hannik family at 57 Korvel.

  • 17 May 1867

    1867 Tilburg School, Netherlands

    Vincent’s youngest brother, Cornelius is born on May 17 in 1867 while Vincent is away at boarding school in Tilburg.  He is learning to draw under Huysmans.  Vincent is pictured in this school photo – he is on the lowest bench and third from the right with arms folded.

  • 19 Mar 1868

    March 19 1868 – Vincent walks out of boarding school

    Vincent leaves Tilburg in a bit of disgrace, especially felt by his parents when he gets back home after a 7 hour walk to Zundert.  He will live at home for the next 16 months, in a discomforting family setting, before he will take a job in The Hague arranged by his uncle ‘Cent (Vincent), a partner at the powerful art firm of Goupil and Cie.   Tilburg to Zundert, Netherlands

  • 30 Jul 1869

    July 30, 1869 – Vincent becomes a junior apprentice at Goupil & Cie

    Vincent is appointed junior apprentice at Goupil & Cie in late July at Plaats 14 in The Hague. His superior is H.G. Tersteeg. Lodges with Willem and Dina Roos at Lange Beestenmarkt 32.  Vincent’s uncle ‘Cent is a partner at Goupil and Cie and has offered to help the troubled son of his brother with a job in The Hague.  Goupil and Cie also have offices in London and Paris and in a few years, Theo, Vincent’s younger brother will eclipse his footsteps and become an early dealer and ardent supporter of impressionist and post impressionist art. Vincent starts collecting photographs, photo-engravings and prints sold by Goupil, mostly traditional northern palettes of blended browns and Barbizon school art at this time in Goupil’s catalogue. van gogh museum link      

  • 29 Jan 1871

    January 29, 1871 – Vincent parents move from Zundert to Helvoirt

    29 January The Van Gogh family moves from Zundert to Helvoirt, where the Reverend Van Gogh has been called to lead the parish. They live at Torenstraat 47. Theo attends secondary school in Oisterwijk until the end of 1872.  Vincent has been working under the tutelage of H. G. Tersteeg for the past 18 months.  Tersteeg is pictured in an 1885 photograph. map zundert to helvoirt

  • 30 Aug 1872

    Fall of 1872 – Vincent working in the Hague, Theo visits

    29 September Vincent’s (surviving) correspondence with Theo begins. Theo has just stayed with Vincent for a few days in The Hague and unknowingly sees his brother at work in the job he will have in a few years. October Vincent visits the auction of books which took place from 21 to 29 October 1872 at the premises of W.P. van Stockum. Mid-August – mid-October Vincent visits the Salon in Brussels:été_Libre_des_Beaux-Arts The Société Libre des Beaux-Arts (“Free Society of Fine Arts”) was an organization formed in 1868 by Belgian artists to react against academicism and to advance Realist painting and artistic freedom. Based in Brussels, the society was active until 1876, by which time the aesthetic values it espoused had infiltrated the official Salon. It played a formative role in establishing avant-gardism in Belgium. The first exhibition of the Free Society was held in 1868 to provide an alternative art space beyond the Salon. Three exhibitions were held in 1872. The society’s manifesto was written by Camille Van Camp (nl) and published 31 January 1869. It promoted the “free and individual interpretation of nature” characteristic of Realist art, along with avant-garde concepts such as “struggle, change, freedom, progress, originality and tolerance.” The society published the periodicals L’Art Libre, a bi-monthly review (1871–72), and L’Art Universel (1873–76). In the first issue of L’Art Libre, they collectively asserted: “Artistic independence must be spawned by force. It is our desire that art be free. The art of our time must return to man and nature.” The goals of the Free Society were influenced by aesthetic ideals set forth by Gustave Courbet and the Barbizon artists and by the poet Charles Baudelaire. “Modernity” and “sincerity” were keywords.[7] Official cultural critics were at first openly hostile. Two early champions, however, were the critics Camille Lemonnier, a member, who urged that they should “be of their own time,” and Théo Hannon (1851-1916), who saw them as rebels against artificiality.[8] December Spends Christmas in Helvoirt.

  • 12 May 1873

    May, 1873 – Vincent transferred to London branch of Goupil and Cie, visits Paris on the way

    6 January Theo takes a job with Goupil & Cie in Brussels, 58 rue Montagne de la Cour (FR b1896); he lodges with the Reverend Hendrik van den Brink, 5 place Sainte-Cathérine (FR b2594). 26-27 January Vincent visits Uncle Cor, the art dealer Cornelis Marinus van Gogh, in Amsterdam. Views his collection of paintings and drawings, and goes to museums, among them the Trippenhuis (4). 15 February Drafted for military service; the Reverend Van Gogh finds a replacement for him (FR b2604). 2 March Sees the Dutch contribution to the upcoming World Exhibition in Vienna at the artists’ society Arti et Amicitiae in Amsterdam (5). 13 April Spends Easter at home in Helvoirt. Theo is also there (FR b2616-b2617). May Visits the artist J.H. Weissenbruch in his studio in The Hague (125). 12 May Leaves Helvoirt for Paris (FR b2626), where he stays for several days before his transfer to Goupil’s London branch. Visits the Goupil galleries, the Salon, the Louvre and the Musée du Luxembourg (9). About 19 May Starts work at Goupil & Co. in London, 17 Southampton Street, The Strand. His superior is Charles Obach. Finds lodgings in a London suburb, address unknown (9). During his stay in London he visits the British Museum, the National Gallery, the Wallace Collection and the South Kensington Museum (now the Victoria and Albert Museum) (131, 361, 453). Reads poetry by Keats, Musées de la Hollande by Thoré-Bürger and Cromwell by Lamartine (12, 15, 119). Early June Theo moves to the Goupil & Cie building at 58 rue Montagne de la Cour, where he lodges with his superior, Tobias Schmidt (9, FR b2632). August Visits the Dulwich Picture Gallery and the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition (12, 13).  End of August Moves to 87 Hackford Road, Brixton, where he lodges with Ursula Loyer and her daughter Eugenie (13). 12 September Views work by Belgian artists at the London International Exhibition (13). Autumn Reads Michelet’s L’amour (14). October Re-reads the poems of Longfellow (14). 12 November Theo is transferred to Goupil’s branch in The Hague, at Plaats 14. He lodges with the Roos family at Lange Beestenmarkt 32, as Vincent had done before him (16, FR b2674).

  • 26 Oct 1874

    October 1874 – Vincent transferred to Goupil headquarters in Paris

    First half of June Vincent visits the Royal Academy Summer Exhibition (23). 27 June-14 July Stays in Helvoirt and spends a few days with Theo in The Hague (23, 25, FR b2709-b2710). His sister Anna travels back to London with him and also lodges with the Loyers. Shortly after 10 August He and Anna go to live with John Parker and his family at 395 Kennington Road in South London (28, FR b2715). 24 August Anna moves to Welwyn to take up a position as a teacher (FR b2715). 26 October Vincent is temporarily transferred to Goupil’s headquarters in Paris, 9 rue Chaptal (FR b2728). End of December Spends Christmas in Helvoirt, as does Theo (89, FR b2737).

  • 01 Jan 1875

    January, 1875 – transferred to London to work at new Goupil gallery , visits Exhibition of Old Masters

    Charles West Cope's 'The Council of the Royal Academy Selecting Pictures for the Exhibition, 1875

  • 15 May 1875

    May, 1875 – Vincent transferred back to Goupil headquarters in Paris

    Le Salon carré du Louvre huile sur toile, 1875 par K. Lucjan Przepiorski, (Vilna 1830 ou 1832 – Paris (?) après 1898)- Exposition Proust, l’écriture et les arts, musée d’Orsay, Paris 1999. – Paris, musée du Louvre, R.F. 1960-4   Mid-May Is transferred back to Goupil’s headquarters in Paris. Lives in a small room in Montmartre, address unknown. Visits the Salon. 30 May Visits the Corot retrospective at the Ecole Nationale des Beaux-Arts. During his stay in the French capital, he frequents the Louvre and the Musée du Luxembourg. Is in touch with the Dutch artist Matthijs Maris, who is also living in Paris. He puts together a scrapbook for Maris, with poems by Uhland, Heine and Goethe, and fairytales by Andersen in verse. 11 or 12 June Admires drawings and pastels by Millet from the Gavet Collection at the sale exhibition held at the Hôtel Drouot (36). 25 July Spends the day in Ville-d’Avray, where he see murals by Corot in the village church (40). Autumn Befriends Harry Gladwell, a fellow lodger who also works for Goupil. 18 October The Van Gogh family moves to Etten, where the Reverend Van Gogh has been called. They live at Roosendaalseweg 4 (FR b2366). 24 December-3 January Spends Christmas and New Year in Etten. Theo is also there (62, FR b2385, b2224).    

  • 01 Jan 1876

    January, 1876 – Vincent given 90 days notice of dismissal from Goupil

    4 January On his return to Paris learns that Goupil is dismissing him as from 1 April (65, FR b2227). Mid-January Reads George Eliot’s Felix Holt, the radical (66). February Reads Eliot’s Scenes of clerical life(70). April – Moves back home to Etten for two weeks

  • 14 Apr 1876

    April, 1876 – Moves to Ramsgate, England to teach at Stoke’s boarding school for boys

    The featured sketch was drawn by Vincent during the two months he lived in Ramsgate in early 1876. After being given his notice by Goupil, Vincent, now 23 years old, begins searching in the jobs listings advertised in the English newspapers.  He receives word back from schoolteacher William Stokes that he can begin on a probationary basis without pay.  The school is in Ramsgate, a port town on the eastern coast of England.  Vincent begins on April 16th and teaches French and Mathematics to boys between 10 and 14 who are from the rough streets of London.  He also lives with the boys in their rather run down dwelling and cares for their needs at night and takes them for walks and talks around town the countryside.  Within two months of Vincent’s hire, Stokes will decide to move the school to Isleworth and Vincent will move as well. 1-14 April Is in Etten. Theo joins him there on 8 April (74, FR b956). 14 April Leaves for Ramsgate to take up a position as an assistant teacher at William Stokes’s boarding school for boys. Lodges at 11 Spencer Square, Ramsgate, UK.

  • 25 Jun 1876

    June, 1876 – Moves to Isleworth outside of London to teach new Stokes school run by Thomas Slade-Jones

    In the week of June 12, 1876, a 23 year old Vincent walks from Ramsgate to London and then visits his sister in Welwyn, Hertfordshire just north of London.  In the last week of June he moves to Isleworth (near London), Linkfield House, 183 Twickenham Road, where William Stokes has opened his new school.  In early July, he again moves and takes up a position as a teacher at the school run by the Reverend Thomas Slade-Jones at Holme Court, 158 Twickenham Road, Isleworth. October Reads Souvestre’s Le philosophe sous les toits (93). 13 October Cites poems by De Génestet, a poet he quotes from quite often in this period (94).  

  • 01 Nov 1876

    November, 1876 – Vincent begins preaching and teaching Sunday School in Turnham Green

    The featured image is a sketch of the Church in Turnham Green where Vincent taught Sunday School and preached beginning in November of 1876. In late October of 1876, Vincent delivers his first sermon, at the Wesleyan Methodist Church in Richmond.  On November 19, he is brought aboard as a volunteer worker at Slade-Jones’ Congregational Church in Turnham Green, where he preaches and teaches Sunday school.  He becomes enamored with and enriched by hymnals and admits in correspondence he sings them as he walks alone and hopes to be able to one day creating paintings which inspire like hymns. He also preaches in Petersham at this time.  In December of 1876, he and Anna will travel together back to Etten from London for the holidays and be joined by Theo for the Van Gogh family Christmas gathering.  In a letter written to his brother in November: “Last Sunday evening I went to a village on the Thames, Petersham. In the morning I had been at the Sunday school at Turnham Green, and went after sunset from there to Richmond and then on to Petersham. It grew dark early and I wasn’t sure of the way, it was a surprisingly muddy road over a kind of embankment or rise on the hill covered with gnarled elm trees and shrubs. At last I saw below the rise a light in a small house, and scrambled and waded over to it, and there I was told the way. But, old boy, there was a beautiful little wooden church with a kindly light at the end of that dark road, I read Acts V:14-16.12 Acts XII:5-17, Peter in prison, and Acts XX:7-37, Paul preaching in Macedonia, and then I told the story of John and Theagenes yet again. There was a harmonium in the church, played by a young woman from a boarding school that was attending en masse. In the morning it was so beautiful on the way to Turnham Green, the chestnut trees and clear blue sky and the morning sun were reflected in the water of the Thames, the grass was gloriously green and everywhere all around the sound of church bells. The day before I’d gone on a long journey to London, I left here at 4 in the morning, arrived at Hyde Park at half past six, the mist was lying on the grass and leaves were falling from the trees, in the distance one saw the shimmering lights of street-lamps that hadn’t yet been put out, and the towers of Westminster Abbey and the Houses of Parliament, and the sun rose red in the morning mist – from there on to Whitechapel, that poor district of London, then to Chancery Lane and Westminster, then to Clapham to visit Mrs Loyer again, her birthday was the day before. She is indeed a widow in whose heart the psalms of David and the chapters of Isaiah are not dead but sleeping. Her name is written in the book of life. […]

  • 01 Jan 1877

    January, 1877 – Vincent is offered a position in a bookshop in Dordrecht by a friend of the family

    The Blussé & Van Braam bookshop is pictured in this view courtesy of the Regional Archives of Dordrecht, Netherlands, Netherlands and their website (access by clicking on link). Even though he has been preaching and teaching Sunday school, Vincent is encouraged by his father and mother to pursue a more formal education on the order of 8 years of schooling to become a pastor or to pursue some other “normal” and honorable career.  A friend of Vincent’s father hears from his son about their desire to find Vincent a respectable job and Vincent writes to his brother of the conversation that ends up moving him to Dordrecht. “Etten, 31 December 1876 My dear Theo, I sincerely wish you the best in the new year, I wish you well and may you be blessed in all things. Wonderful to have seen each other again, how beautiful it was that morning you left, and how often we’ll think back on that trip to Chaam.  Ma’s eye is hurting a lot again, she has a bandage on; Pa delivered such a beautiful sermon again this morning.  And now this evening New Year’s Eve again, if only you were here.  Now then, there’s something I must tell you: a couple of days ago Mr Braat of Dordrecht paid a visit to Uncle Vincent and they spoke about me, and Uncle asked Mr B. whether he would have a place for me, if I should wish it. Mr B. thought he might have a place, and said that I should come sometime to talk about it. So I went there early yesterday morning; Pa and Ma and I, too, thought it was something we shouldn’t let pass without seeing what it was. Agreed that after the New Year I should go to him for a week, after that we’ll see. There are many things that make it desirable, first and foremost my being back in Holland near Pa and Ma, and also you and the others. Moreover, the salary would certainly be a little better than with Mr Jones, and especially with an eye to later, when a man has need of more,  1v:2 one is obliged to think of such things. As far as the other thing is concerned, for these reasons I won’t give it up. Pa’s spirit is so great and many-sided, and at all events I hope that something of it will develop in me. The change means that now, instead of teaching those boys, I’ll be working in a bookshop. How often we’ve longed to be together, and how terrible it is to feel so far away from one another in cases of illness or anxiety, as we felt, for example, during your illness, and then the feeling that lack of money may very well stand in the way of our being together in times of need. It’s quite possible, then, that I’ll go there.” To Theo. Etten, Sunday, 31 December 1876 After three months of an ambivalent attempt at […]

  • 14 May 1877

    May 14, 1877 – Vincent moves in with his Uncle Jan in Amsterdam to prepare himself for his theological studies

    Vincent is taught Latin and Greek by Maurits Mendes da Costa. He lives with his uncle, Jan van Gogh, pictured in the photograph and director of the naval dockyard, at Grote Kattenburgerstraat 3. August Reads Fénelon’s Les aventures de Télémaque (125). September Transcribes the whole French edition of Thomas a Kempis’s De imitatione Christi and reads Bossuet’s Oraisons funèbres (129). 7 September Visits the Trippenhuis (twice) (130). 18 September Visits the Trippenhuis to see the etchings by Rembrandt (131). 20 September Visits the Trippenhuis again and leaves his signature in the visitors’ book (131). October Reads Dickens’s A tale of two cities and Carlyle’s The French Revolution (132). Early October Theo is on a business trip and visits Vincent in Amsterdam (FR b2562). End of December-7 January Vincent is in Etten. Theo is also there for Christmas (138).  

  • 26 Aug 1878

    August 26, 1878 – Vincent moves to Brussels for a trial period of training in Evangelical preaching

    26 August Moves to Laken, Brussels, for a three-month trial period training to be an evangelist (FR b2433). Lodges with Plugge family, 6 chemin de Halage (148, FR b2446). About 13 November Theo returns to the Netherlands from Paris, and visits Vincent in Brussels. Together they visit the Musée des Beaux-Arts (148). 25 November Vincent’s trial period comes to an end. He is not accepted (FR b2446). Early December Leaves for Pâturages in the Borinage (Hainaut), a mining area. Lodges until the end of December with the evangelist-colporteur Benjamin Vanderhaegen, 39 rue de l’Eglise (149, FR b2452), and then with the farmer Jean-Baptiste Denis, 81 rue du Petit-Wasmes in Wasmes (151).

  • 01 Jan 1879

    January, 1879 – Preaches to miners in the Borinage region

    Mid-January Is appointed for six months as an evangelist in the Borinage, starting on 1 February. He is to give Bible readings, teach and visit the sick (FR b2456-b2457). June Reads Beecher Stowe’s Uncle Tom’s cabin and Dickens’s Hard times (152, 153). Early August Leaves for Cuesmes, where he lodges with the evangelist-miner Edouard Joseph Francq, 5 rue du Pavillon (153). He is now mainly preoccupied with drawing. Sends his first drawings to Tersteeg (221). 10 August Visit from Theo (154). There is no more contact between the brothers until June 1880 as a result of a difference of opinion over Vincent’s future (155). 15-after 19 August In Etten, where he spends his time reading Dickens (FR b2492). About 1 November Theo moves to Paris, where he is given a permanent position with Goupil & Cie. He again rents a room from Mrs Remilleret, 46 rue de la Tour d’Auvergne (FR b3106).

  • 01 Jan 1880

    January 1880 – Living in Cuesmes, Theo supporting financially

    Winter Vincent reads Hugo’s Le dernier jour d’un condamné and Shakespeare’s Henry IV and King Lear (158). Early March Travels on foot to Courrières in northern France and sees the studio of Jules Breton, but does not dare make himself known (158, 391). 11 March-May or June (?) In Etten (FR b2496). June Theo makes a financial contribution to Vincent’s upkeep, which Vincent does not acknowledge until June (155). July Vincent lodges with the mine-worker Charles Decrucq, 3 rue du Pavillon in Cuesmes (155, 156). August Finally decides to become an artist, probably on Theo’s advice (156, 214). Reads Cassagne, Guide de l’alphabet du dessin (158). October Moves to Brussels, 72 boulevard du Midi (159). On Theo’s advice pays visits to the painters Willem Roelofs and Anthon van Rappard, who are living in Brussels (160). End of October Sends two drawings to his father (160). 15 December Enrols for the drawing course at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels (160). It is not known whether he ever attended any lessons.

  • 01 Aug 1880

    August 1880 – Vincent decides to become an artist, moves to Brussels

    August Finally decides to become an artist, probably on Theo’s advice (156, 214). Reads Cassagne, Guide de l’alphabet du dessin (158). October Moves to Brussels, 72 boulevard du Midi (159). On Theo’s advice pays visits to the painters Willem Roelofs and Anthon van Rappard, who are living in Brussels (160). End of October Sends two drawings to his father (160). 15 December Enrols for the drawing course at the Académie Royale des Beaux-Arts in Brussels (160). It is not known whether he ever attended any lessons.

  • 20 Jan 1881

    January 1881 – Takes drawing lessons in winter and works in Rappard’s studio

    1 February Theo is appointed manager of the Goupil branch at 19 boulevard Montmartre in Paris, and assumes responsibility for Vincent’s upkeep by sending money to his parents (FR b2235). Mid-February Takes drawing lessons from a painter, probably Jan Madiol (163, 164, FR b2235). End of March – end of April Works in Van Rappard’s studio (164). Visits the Musée des Beaux-Arts in Brussels (164). 12-17 April In Etten (165). Theo is also there for Easter (165, 166). End of April Visits the exhibition of the Société Royale Belge des Aquarellistes in the Palais des Beaux-Arts. Moves from Brussels back home to Etten (166). Spring-Summer Reads a number of French and English novels, among them Shirley and Jane Eyre by Charlotte Brontë, Illusions perdues and Le père Goriot by Balzac, and the Goncourts’ Gavarni – l’homme et l’oeuvre (174). Around mid-June Van Rappard comes to stay in Etten for 12 days (168). Last weeks of July Theo is in Etten (170). Summer Falls in love with his cousin Kee Vos (Uncle Stricker’s widowed daughter), who is staying in the parsonage with the Van Gogh family. He makes a marriage proposal to her, but she turns him down (179, 180). Re-reads Michelet’s L’amour and La femme (186). 23-25 August Visits Mauve in The Hague. Meets Théophile de Bock and shows his studies to Johannes Bosboom. Goes with De Bock to see the Panorama Mesdag and the sixth exhibition of the Hollandsche Teeken-Maatschappij (Dutch drawing society). Travels on to Dordrecht and visits the Schielandhuis in Rotterdam (175). End of October Visit from Anthon van Rappard (176, 178). 10 or 11 November Vincent sends Theo several drawings (182). 23 November Tells Theo he has sent Mauve a drawing (189). 24-27 November In Amsterdam, where he visits his uncle and aunt Stricker, and tries in vain to see Kee Vos (193). Reads Michelet, Du prêtre, de la femme, de la famille (193). 27 November-about 21 December Stays in The Hague. Mauve gives him lessons in watercolouring and painting in oils (191, 192). About 22 December Back in Etten (193). 25 December Moves to The Hague following a furious row with his father (194). From now on receives his allowance directly and solely from Theo.

  • 20 Jan 1882

    January 1882 – Moves to Schenkweg in the Hague and sets up his studio, meets Sien

    1 January Rents rooms in Schenkweg 138, where he sets up his studio (196, 198). January Takes lessons in drawing and watercolouring with Mauve. Joins the Pulchri Studio artists’ society in order to draw from the clothed model there (202). End of January Meets the pregnant ex-prostitute Sien Hoornik, who becomes his regular model (224, 228). Mid-February Sells a drawing to Tersteeg (205). February-April Is in touch with the artists Weissenbruch, De Bock, Jules van de Sande Bakhuyzen and Bernardus Blommers (204, 210, 214). Befriends George Breitner (204). March Reads Sensier’s La vie et l’oeuvre de J.F. Millet (210). 11-24 March Draws 12 views of The Hague that have been commissioned by his Uncle Cor (210, 213). Early April Uncle Cor commissions a second series of cityscapes (214). Theo moves to 25 rue Laval in Montmartre (218, 223). About 10 April Sends Theo a drawing (216). 18 or 19 April Sends Theo a drawing (218). 2 May Sends Theo a drawing (223). About 7 May Sends Theo 3 drawings (224). 12 or 13 May Sends Theo ‘two dozen’ drawings (226, 231). 27 May Visit from Van Rappard (231). End of May Sends the second series of cityscapes (7 drawings) to Uncle Cor (232). Sends Theo a drawing (233, 234). Summer Reads Zola’s Une page d’amour, quickly followed by Le ventre de Paris, Nana, La curée, La faute de l’abbé Mouret, Son Excellence Eugène Rougon and L’assommoir (244, 245, 250, 255, 259, 260). 1 or 2 June Reports to Theo that his collection now comprises more than 1,000 prints, mainly from English and French illustrated magazines (234). 3 June Sends Theo 2 drawings (235). 7 June-1 July In the Municipal Hospital in The Hague to be treated for gonorrhoea (237, 241). 4 July Moves to Schenkweg 136 (243, 245). 7 July Sends his doctor a watercolour as thanks for his treatment (245). Shortly before 9 July Visits an exhibition of French art from private collections at the Academie van Beeldende Kunsten in The Hague (246). 15 July Sien, her five-year-old daughter Maria and her newborn son Willem move in with him (246). Early August His parents move from Etten to Nuenen, to which the Reverend Van Gogh has been called. They live at De Berg F523. About 2-4 August Visit from Theo (252). August Visits the seventh exhibition of the Hollandsche Teeken-Maatschappij (256), and a showing of works from the Koninklijk Genootschap van Nederlandsche Aquarellisten (Royal Dutch Society of Watercolourists) (265 and 267). Autumn Reads Erckmann-Chatrian’s Les deux frères, Daudet’s Les rois en exil and Le Nabab, Hugo’s Quatre-vingt-treize and Zola’s Pot-bouille (265, 274, 286, 292) 25 September Sends Theo a painting (269). November Practices lithography in the hope of finding work as an illustrator. Sends Theo and Van Rappard impressions of his lithographs (281, 283, 284, 289). Creates a portrait of Jozef Blok, a bookseller, in pencil, watercolour, lithographic crayon, on paper: Drawing – Portrait of Jozef Blok – November 1882 – The Hague; pencil, watercolour, lithographic crayon, on paper, 38.5 […]

  • 20 Jan 1883

    January 1883 – Draws and paints in The Hague, leaves for Drenthe in Autumn

    3 January Sends Theo 2 drawings (298). 5 or 6 January Sends Theo 5 drawings (299, 300). 3 February Has sent his father a drawing (306). About 1 March Sends Theo a watercolour (322). About 4 March Sends Theo a drawing (324). About 21 March Re-reads George Eliot’s Felix Holt, the radical (332). Spring Reads Eliot’s Middlemarch (316). Re-reads Carlyle’s Sartor resartus (274, 325) and Hugo’s Notre-Dame de Paris and Les misérables (318, 333). Shortly before 20 May Visit from Van Rappard (343). About 21 May Visits Van Rappard at his studio in Utrecht (344). May-July Paints with Herman van der Weele in the dunes, and works in De Bock’s studio in Scheveningen (347, 360). About 25 July Writes to tell Theo that all his paintings and drawings are henceforth Theo’s property (367). August Visits the second exhibition of work from the Koninklijk Genootschap van Nederlandsche Aquarellisten (370). 17 August Visit from Theo (373). Shortly before 21 August Visit from Van Rappard (378). 23-29 August Sends more than 20 drawings to Uncle Cor, who takes them on commission (379, 380, 384). Early September Decides to leave The Hague for the countryside, and ends his relationship with Sien (382, 383). 11 September Departs for Hoogeveen, Drenthe, where he stays in Albertus Hartsuiker’s lodging-house, Grote Kerksteeg 51 (385). 24 September Sends Theo 3 paintings (389). October Re-reads Carlyle’s On heroes, hero-worship and the heroic in history (395). 2 October-4 December Stays in Nieuw-Amsterdam/Veenoord in the lodging-house run by Hendrik Scholte, E34 (392, 409). 12 or 13 November Sends Theo 6 paintings to be shown to the art dealer E.J. van Wisselingh (406). 5 December Goes to live with his parents once again. They are now living in Nuenen, where they had moved the previous year. (409). 7 December Sends Theo 2 drawings (FR b2248). Mid-December The mangle room is turned into his studio (413). 20-24 December Visits Van Rappard in Utrecht. Travels on to The Hague to collect drawings and studies and to see Sien (416, FR b2250). –

  • 20 Jan 1884

    January 1884 – Living with parents in Nuenen, Theo sends allowance, Vincent sends art work

    15 January Proposes to Theo that he accept the works he sends him as his own property. In return, Vincent will henceforth consider his monthly allowance as ‘money I’ve earned’ (422). 13 February Sends Theo 3 paintings and 9 watercolours (429). February-March Transcribes poems by François Coppée and Jules Breton in letters to Theo and Van Rappard (430, 433, 435). End of February Sends Theo a watercolour and 5 drawings (432). Early March Sends Van Rappard several drawings (437). Second week of March Sends Theo a drawing (434). About 13 March Sends Van Rappard 7 drawings (437). About 21-28 March Sends Van Rappard 3 drawings (441). First half of May Rents studio space from the Catholic sacristan Johannes Schafrat at Heieind 540 in Nuenen (446). About 17 May Van Rappard comes to stay in Nuenen for around ten days (446, 447). About 28 May Sends Theo the drawings that Van Rappard has returned (447). Spring-Summer Reads Blanc’s Les artistes de mon temps and Grammaire des arts du dessin, architecture, sculpture, peinture, and Fromentin’s Les maîtres d’autrefois (449, 454, 450). 1 June Theo spends Whitsun in Nuenen (449). Summer Has a relationship with a neighbour, Margot Begemann, who has taken over his mother’s sewing class while she is recovering from a broken leg (469). Early August Retired goldsmith Antoon Hermans commissions a series of paintings from him (453). August Gives painting lessons to Dimmen Gestel (FR b3039). About 15-20 August Theo is in Nuenen (453, b2256). Mid-September-early October Margot tries to commit suicide and is taken to a doctor in Utrecht. Vincent visits her there and thinks of marrying her (456, 458, 469, FR b2257). Early October Reads Zola’s Au bonheur des dames (464). About 14 October-1 November Van Rappard comes to stay in Nuenen (FR b2259, b2260). Mid-November Gives lessons in still-life painting to Hermans, Anton Kerssemakers, a tanner, and Willem van de Wakker, telegraph operator (469, 471).

  • 01 May 1885

    May 1885 – Vincent completes The Potato Eaters

    Vincent is pleased with his efforts to bring life into his work and to use the colors of the soil to paint the peasants who sow and reap in it.

  • 28 Feb 1886

    February 28, 1886 – Vincent arrives in Paris

    And he arrives unannounced from Antwerp.  He sends a letter to Theo on or about February 28 and goes to the Louvre to wait for Theo to come meet him.  Arriving for the second time in Paris, this time as an artist instead of a struggling dealer, Vincent admires the Rembrandts and Da Vinci’s in the Salon Carre, a great hall in the Louvre containing European masterpieces. “My dear Theo, Don’t be cross with me that I’ve come all of a sudden. I’ve thought about it so much and I think we’ll save time this way. Will be at the Louvre from midday, or earlier if you like. A reply, please, to let me know when you could come to the Salle Carrée. As for expenses, I repeat, it comes to the same thing. I have some money left, that goes without saying, and I want to talk to you before spending anything. We’ll sort things out, you’ll see. So get there as soon as possible. I shake your hand. Yours truly, Vincent” Vincent to Theo, @2-28-1886, # 567 March 1886 At the beginning, Vincent arrives unexpectedly in Paris. He moves in with his brother who is single and lives in an apartment 25, rue de Laval. He began to paint a series of self-portraits and still lifes with the same dark palette before (March-April). At that time, Theo has already sold to Boussod, Valadon et Cie four Impressionist paintings of A. Sisley, Pissarro C., C. Monet and Renoir A. (Goupil, pp. 89-104). March 1, C. Pissarro complained that Porter is unable to sell his gouaches (BH, p. 27). March 3 Guilìaumiiì, Signac, Seurat and Gauguin welcome Lucien pis8mopow les.Types 5u6 “r ^^ rcroquispubÌiés” in I (B-Sh ^) oir ‘ns find its <Peasant “e..r” tres’ub ^ n ^ 6 March Portier sold a gouache by C. Pissarro (BH, p. 35) March 13 Durand-Ruei went to New York (BH, p 35, n “l.) March 17 Sl S ^ £ ep..? S ^^ M * in the quanier. ~~ (LT462 ^ ll’eres take their meals 6a Ai 3-j Second G <^ J E. 2 <ppe

  • 16 May 1886

    Spring 1886 – Vincent works from Theo’s Rue Laval apartment and the Cormon Studio

    Vincent works on plaster casts of torsos and experiments with color on flower arrangements in the studio at the Rue Lepic apartment. March 1886 At the beginning, Vincent arrives unexpectedly in Paris. He moves in with his brother who is single and lives in an apartment 25, rue de Lavai. He began to paint a series of self-portraits and still lifes with the same dark palette before (March-April). At that time, Theo has already sold to Boussod, Valadon et Cie four Impressionist paintings of A. Sisley, Pissarro C., C. Monet and Renoir A. (Goupil, pp. 89-104). March 1, C. Pissarro complained that Porter is unable to sell his gouaches (BH, p. 27). March 3 Guilìaumiiì, Signac, Seurat and Gauguin welcome Lucien Pissarro les.Types 5u6 “r ^^ rcroquispubÌiés” in I (B-Sh ^) oir ‘ns find its <Peasant “e..r” tres’ub ^ n ^ 6 March Portier sold a gouache by C. Pissarro (BH, p. 35) March 13 Durand-Ruei went to New York (BH, p 35, n “l.) March 17 Sl S ^ £ ep..? S ^^ M * in the quanier. ~~ (LT462 ^ ll’eres take their meals 6a Ai 3-j Second G <^ J E. 2 <ppe Oviste in Paris. He lives and re e a painting; with the same March 27th Exhibition of watercolors of Gustavi Boussod, Valadon and C ”. More in ‘§ale, i, 30 March to 30 May posthumous exhibition of works from the National Fine Arts. ry, E cole The end of March Zola novel, The work is edited Vincent painted self portraits, views of Paris and Montmartre (March-AvrII) “lulles and April Opening of Luxembourg Museum renovated. Monet in Giverny until about the “27 AvrII. ‘ n, i ,., until May 6 for the Netherlands (BH, p np 38 April 6th out of Emile Bernard in Brittany.? “. walk.” Pan first trip April 3-30 IF Exhibition of the Society of French Pastellistes Georges Petit gallery. 15 April-May Exhibition of the Century Masters, 5, rue Bayard (about 200 works by Delacroix, Diaz, Jongkind, Corot, Millet, Puvis, etc.). Pissarro Eragny works and corresponds with Lucien who is in Paris. It prepares the eighth Impressionist Exhibition (BH, pp. 57-42). May 1 May-30 June 1886 Salon (F. Cormon, JF Raffaelli, H. Fantin-Latour, E. Çuost, etc.). ornai Monet returned to Holland. “” / “C. Pissarro announces the opening of YI nist for May 15 (BH, p. 45). n_mai-June 15 ^ _ ^^ ^ Dore, Vili printing Painting Exhibition ^ l ^^^ you, me Laffitte (Mr. Bracquemond, A. GuiUaumm ^^^^^ C. Pissarro, L. Pissarro, Redon O., E.! G. Seurat, P. Vignon, etc.). F. Boggs painted at Barbizon.

  • 01 Jun 1886

    June, 1886 – Vincent and Theo move into 54 Rue Lepic, Montmartre

    John Peter Russell captures the glare of Vincent in this 1886 oil on canvas work in more traditional than impressionist colors.  Vincent is known to be a fanatic about color theory and being a decade older than his Parisian classmates at the atelier Cormon school of art, he is lightly regarded and sometimes mocked unknowingly.  He is reported by all to be argumentative at minimum and most in his company are taken aback by his forceful nature when he feels strongly about a topic.  One of the great natural portrait artists of the time and place, John Russell creates perhaps the most revealing portrait of the fire in the man behind blue green eyes. Vincent and Theo move into 54 Rue Lepic at the curve before it turns steep uphill to the windmills of Montmartre.  Having just moved from Theo’s small apartment by the Chat Noir cabaret and restaurant, the new two bedroom on the third floor above art dealer Portier is spacious.  The view of Paris from their fourth floor apartment will be painted several times as Vincent begins to experiment with color and emotion in an impressionist influenced pallette. The Cormon studio is closed for the summer after an “uprising” of the students choosing to adopt the pointillist or divisions technique of Seurat and his recently shown masterpiece “Sunday afternoon on La Grande Jatte”.  Anquetin, acknowledged to be the most gifted in the studio, led the charge and Emile Bernard shocked the master by painting a grey backdrop in lines of red and green because “that is how he saw it”.  Cormon objected to these non-traditional forays and the studio was closed for three months during the summer of 1886 in defiance.  Toulouse Lautrec, a favored student held a weekly gathering of artists to discuss color and other new theories at his studio in Montmartre or in the cabarets and cafes of the hill above Paris where the Sacre Couer was being built.  Lautrec made portraits of Anquetin and the Cabaret Mirliton in Montmartre, Aristide Bruant’s restaurant and night club and gathering spot for Lautrec and his fellow Cormon atelier students.  Vincent must have felt a part of an important mutiny and now the mutineers had not a studio but they had their camaraderie and it did not hurt that his brother attempted to sell their artwork when no other dealers would.  Vincent was accepted but looked upon as different and from the north in his views and manners by the mostly Parisian group of post-impressionists. June 1 Theo announces they have moved into a new larger apartment (54, rue Lepic “Vincent has just undergone a dental intervention imponante ÎMrurgie following disorders the stomach / An art broker living downstairs from the brothers on Rue Lepic,  Alphonse Portier, took four paintings of Vincent’s on consignment and promises to organize an exhibition of his works in the following year. June 15-July 15 Fifth International Painting and Sculpture Exhibition at Georges Petit, 8, rue de Sèze (Raffaeli, Renoir, Monet, etc. .). The […]

  • 30 Aug 1886

    July – October 1886

    ill and describes the new apartment nnm ^ r ^ ulement vantlescritèresparisiens: ^ s ^ r ^ ervnaIncSe> ^ andsuinant stove at their service 7u41 7 // ^^ ën ontmamte29 June Death of Monticelli. Renoir’s La Roche-Guyon near Gh C. Pissarro in Paris. – – * J. Vincent painted still lifes of linkers. July 18 July Renoir, Monet and Pissarro C. are in Paris. Durand-Ruel returned to Paris. late July meeting Emile Bernard Emile Schuffenecker in Concarneau and the next day it is in Pont-Aven. Vincent informed Theo, while on vacation auxPays Netherlands, he has problems with his “S” friend who lives in Fappartement and Lucia, the housekeeper, was dismissed because it was too expensive (LT 460). Vincent continues to paint still lifes of flowers. He fell ill during the absence of Theo (LT462a). 2 July 6 C. Porter met Pissarro, discouraged, because sales do not work (BH, p. 64). August Theo returns from vacation. Bonger is invited to share 29 CHRONOLOGY Meals of the two brothers (LT462a). Signac relates to C. Pissarro his quarrel with Gauguin and Guillaumin who refuse to expose with “Neos” (Impressionist) at the next Salon des Independants (BH, p. 66, No. l). August 21 to September 21 Second Exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists, barracks Tuileries (6 Angrand exhibits works Cross: 7, Dubois-Pillet: 10, L. Pissarro: 10, Seurat: 10 and Signac: 5). Bernard worked in Pont-Aven with Paul Gauguin and Charles Lavai. Lautrec is Villiers-sur-Morin and Arcachon until September. Renoir in La Chapelle-Saint-Briac in Brittany North, until September. Septeinbre Bernard is back in Paris in time to see the Second Independent Exhibition. He lives with his parents 5 Avenue Beaulieu in Asnieres. Vincent works at the Atelier Cormon (until the end of November?); he met Louis Anquetin through the intermediary of Bernard, crossing at Cormon, observed for the first time van Gogh working on a study (W-0, pp. 209-212). September 18 Jean / Moréas publishes the “Manifesto of Symbolism” in the Literary Supplement of Figaro. September 26th Lautrec publishes for the first time a drawing, Cocktail “in French Le Courrier. ^^^^ r + x ^. ^ + Ru11o-T1 <a ^ n nnvpmhrp. <Gin ocauueu has Asnieres. Vincent works at the Atelier Cormon (until around july); he met Louis Anquetin through Bernard that passage in Cormon, observed for the first time van Gogh working on a study (W-0, PP. 209-212). September 18 Jean Moréas publishes the “Manifesto of Symbolism” in the Literary Supplement of Figaro. s September 26 Lautrec publishes for the first time a drawing, “Gin Cocktail” in French Le Courrier. Monet’s Belle-Ile in November. Vincent painted a series of autumn landscapes, Montmartre with the mills, vegetable, etc. suburban and Boulogne. October Vincent became a regular in the Father Tanguy’s shop. He admires the table in the yard (cat. 69 N0 fig. A) Charles Angrand (ANNEX Covers). October 22 Theo sells marine Manet (By boat, W 225 (?), Theo ANNEX). October 23 Renoir settles 55, boulevard Rochechouart where he works at least a year. […]

  • 31 Dec 1886

    Winter – 1886-87

    Vincent paints cut sunflowers in late autumn and still lifes of fruit and portraits for the early winter. Alexander Reid. Alexander Reid is probably the buyer of paintings by Monticelli from Delarebeyrette (^ -0, p.202, n0 52). Vincent and his brother begin at that time their collection of paintings by Monticelli, six tables in total, mainly from the gallery of Joseph Delarebeyrette. Novenibre Signac, Seurat, Pissarro C. send paintings VExposition o The XX. Brussels (BH, p. 77). John Russell painted the portrait of Vincent van Gogh (nov.dec.) (Cat. No. 105). The Scottish painter AS Hartrick I met Vincent in workshop Russell: he sees in the company of Alexander Reid (Hartrick, pp 40-50.). At that time, Vincent made exchanges with other artists (eg Frank Boggs and Fabian). December Vincent painted the first portrait of Alexander Reid fhiver 1886-1887) (cat. No. 58). December 29 Aristide Bruant publishes The Çuadrille chair of Louis XIII of Lautrec in The Kazoo. ^ nœnt, attends des.soirées coffee concen-cabaret? s Aristide Bruant The Kazoo. Up! In January 1887 ga ^ e “! OMartinet ’26> bo” vard Italians exhibits cTSde:) signed ^ c ^ ^^^^^-piss, s, shadow chlnoisesa “Cabaret Miriiton. Renoir tried to pass a vacation. January 1887 Vincent painted his first portrait of Father Tanguy (INTRODUCTiONfìg. 15). Lautrec, Bernard and Anquetin are narrow relatiens and meet in the cafes of the Boulevard de Clichy. January 8 Gustave Eiffel sign with the city of Paris a contract to build a metal tower 500 m high for Universal VExposition. It is perhaps at this time that Vincent builds relationships with Agostina Segatori, coffee Owner Tambourine, where he can hang his works to show to the public. He met Signac in the shop Father Tan $ (anv. I-February). 11 connalt good store of Siegfried Bing, to Pc du_22, rue de Provence and 19 (2 fig.): Chauch’at’amrique & IA street remains of the merchant he attends assidûment’pou’r 50 PAMS A VAN GOGH study, acquire or commission of Japanese prints (ZT510,511). January 13 C. Pissarro, Seurat and F. Fénéon spend the evening with Signac in his mother’s house at Asnieres (BH, p. 111). January 13 C. Pissarro speak of A. Guillaumin who just get married (BH, p. 113). C. Pissarro financial difficulties and is unable to make a sale by Portier Degas painting owned (BH, p. 124). February Theo wrote to his mother that Vincent has no intention of leaving the campaign as he planned it and he painted some portraits for free (FTTRT, p. 10). Seurat and Signac 2 February to expose the Fourth Rr. ^^ ,. Brussels. ‘- • “- ^ The position slgnala XX ^, u, xcell, es, p, ourl’ & ‘Doslt (o” L “-” written to np, o, arro to submit a nrnipt ri’1 ^ 1 ^ ‘c PisSignac â ccm, _A Brussels YExposition The XX ^ ed it to nn ^ ^ sarropour submit a projet’d;.. ex’Do ^^ ^ CT action pisles XX (BH, p. 135) . -. “‘” “J” you CAllosmon in Paris with r ^ […]

  • 28 Jan 1887

    January 28, 1887 – Eiffel Tower construction begins

    This stitched image of several photographs shows from about July of 1887 to March of 1889 - post foundation laying to completion (minus the elevators still under design/installation) of the 300 meter tower complete with searchlight.

  • 15 May 1887

    Spring 1887 – Vincent has a relationship with Agostina Segatori, manager of the Cafe Le Tambourin

    While they are seeing each other, Vincent paints her many vases of flowers as he works on his technique and color combinations.  Many of these hang on the walls of the cafe for a time and Vincent’s work is seen by his fellow artists and art patrons who frequent the cafe. frequently at the apartment of the van Gogh brothers, 54, rue Lepic. March 26 to May 31 Third Exhibition of the Society of Independent Artists, Pavilion of the city of Paris, Champs-Elysées; Angrand present 4 works Cross: 6 Luce: 10 Lucien Pissarro: 8, Seurat: 10, Signac: April 10. Camille Pissarro visits Portier and earns that according to Theo, the house Boussod, Valadon and Co. wants to buy more for the moment. He remained in Paris until around April 15 in the hope of selling works (BH, p. 150). April 7 Theo sold his first painting by Monet (ANNEX Theo). April 9 Paul Gauguin and Charles Lavai leave for Panama. April 23 Theo sells a second painting by Monet (ANNEX Theo). April 25 Theo ad to Willemina he has reconciled with Vincent (WTRT, p. 12). Signac and Vincent set ^ paint along the banks of Fa’Seine Asnieres and around (1981, Toronto, p. 91). April 27 Ribay Bernard arrived in Normandy. Renoir leaves his studio in the Rue de Lavai to settle at 11, boulevard de Clichy (in October, it will go to 55, boulevard Rochechouart). May Asnieres Vincent works with Signac (April-May) until the start of this one to the south of France. r-ÌOjuin May 1887 Salon (Cormon Çuost, Lhermitte, Purple, Puvis, Raffaelli and Boggs exposes an array). Monet and Renoir are in favor of the admission of the International VI’Exposition Pissarro (BH, p. 138). May 8-Sjuin VI International Exhibition of Painting and Sculpture, Georges Petit gallery, 8, rue de Sèze (six works by Renoir, fifteen Monet, five Sisley and as Camille Pissarro, Morisot, Puvis, Whistler, Redon , etc.). 9 May-20] une Jean-François Millet Exhibition at the School of Fine Arts. Frank Boggs May 10 on a trip to London. Theo went to Giverny and buys two paintings by Monet for Boussod, Valadon and C “; the same day he sells the collector Victor Desfossés (ANNEX Theo} May 14 Theo visits Sisley and buys a canvas for Boussod and. Valadon (ANNEX Theo). May 15 Willemina learns from a letter from Theo that Vincent de paint écJaircît and that “he is trying to put you beyond ^ rst sun” IJVTRT, p. 12). nrs 16 May -20 C. Pissarro meets Anquetin to the exhibition Millet He ran ^ nLuaen qu’Anquetin adopted the technical vpoin tfls *,% ^^ = “” a ‘:;. n7feT ^^ May 17% ea ° doTète three others Monet paintings To Bo “^ od and John Russell is working on Longpré. May 23 SS :: “S – ‘. IX SS £ ^ s ^^^ ^^ y 25-27 May eauIA Tal ^ ..’ ‘. ^^, ^, ^^ _ ^ June Vinci Vant Anqi it. Ben and chai (19 & Luke Lau […]

  • 30 Jul 1887

    Summer, 1887

    Vincent paints in Asnieres Sur Seine during the day and becomes close with the younger and talented Emile Bernard, one of the founders of Cloissonism in modern painting. The photograph was put up for auction today at the The Romantic Agnoy in Brussels, Belgium. According to the auction listing, the photo is a melanotype created by Jules Antoine showing Van Gogh talking with a group of friends that includes artist Paul Gauguin, artist Emile Bernard, Félix Jobbé-Duval, and André Antoine. The picture was estimated to fetch between €120,000 and €150,000 (~$136,000 to $170,000). The final sale price has not yet been made public. June 22 S ^;:;: “^ oT” -i -1 which •• M “and M •” “” “- July vincenuravailleàdes Landscape paintings in Montmartre and in Asnières painted self-portraits’. Bernard arrives at Pont-Aven to discover that Gauguir in Martinique. He returned to Paris to Rn of the month. July 6 C. Lucien Pissarro wrote that he can not rely on Theo to sell him his works (BH, p. 192). July 11 Theo will spend a short holiday in the Netherlands. He woos Johanna Bonger (Fig. 4). Portier sold a painting by Lautrec (LT461). In late July Vincent broke his sentimental relations and commerdales Agostina Segatori (LT462 and W-0, p. 251). Tanguy showcases an array Vincent just finished (LT 462). July 22 Theo returned from vacation, the first time he buys a Degas painting to Boussod, Valadon and C “(ANNEX Theo). August August 8 For the first time Theo buys a table directly to C. Pissarro and sells the same day the collector P. Aubry (ANNEX Theo). August 13 frames Dubourg merchant sells to the table i Theo Sisley The Seine at Suresnes (ANNEX Theo). C.’Pissarro is Eragny. He works in his gouaches and his paintings. Monet had a short stay in London. Renoir moved to Vésinet. ^ _ ^ HM Livens Vmcent’écrit’au English painter and FAU ^ him of his intention to leave the following spring) of IA “France ‘ (August-September) (459 APPENDIX Letter and Letters). Vincent Bernard in September to work with ^ p ^ ^ d ^ d ^ rtraU Tang ^ ^ P ^ atelierquelagrand tdansu ^ e ^ d ^^ – ^ ^ Ta coaSrealldauns Te’jardin new home of his parents: à_Asnières ^ 81 ^ p Toron ^^^ ^^^ Vincent Bernard et_Anqu ^ n ^^ fp Sigation “après’le to return it ^^^ n ^ pa ^ ^ SLIO Vincent, the idea of ​​an exhibition dugTOUPe << 1 ists of aes Petit Boulevard “PTend {OWME with LauAnqueto ^^^ ^^^ deMoróm frequent tës’cabarets ^ ï; i3 ^. <^^ Willemina learns V’ncentqu ‘; l, r, av, a,” àt: Alsnièr ‘es’penle ponra’itapres have painted landscapes a. dantl’été (^ ^ l and -0, p. 55). Renoir spends his time between Paris and Louveciennes; he in Auvers, where he met C. Pissarro. Camille Pissarro and meet by chance, St. Vincent ^ returning from Asnières where he had been painting. October 1 October Monet sold three paintings to the gallery where Theo […]

  • 30 Aug 1887

    Fall 1887 – Vincent organizes an exposition for the painters of the “petit” boulevard at Grand Bouillon restaurant

    24 October C. Eragny Pissarro works and shall inform Lucien, while in Paris, he sends three new canvases to Theo (BH, p. 209) It is to this. Vincent date dedicating to Lucien Pissarro one of his last paintings Still Life, basket of apples (cat # 59.) Ninth Exhibition of the Central Union of Decorative Arts;. S. Bing presents showcases devoted to the history of decorative arts in Japan and China. Vincent assiduously frequent the store Bing and his home for the last quarter of 1887 and all Fhiver 1888. He continues to add to his collection of Japanese prints (ZT 510, 511). • November Signac is back in Paris. Vincent advises Bernard I’d be more tolerant of pointillist artists and Signac in bind. He promises to do everything to make the exhibition a success iietée (5 l). Opening the exposiUon of the “Petit Boulevard” at the Grand Bouillon, Restau ant “the” Chalet, 45 Avenue de Clichy ^ (by E. Bernard: one hundred works by Vincent Bernard, Anquetin, Lautrec, “AH Roning and perhaps Guillaumin). y ^ Bernard and Anquetin nd’son first table a study. Guillaumin and visit the exhibition. SeuTatva’également see the exhibition. He met Vincent van Gogh for the first time. ii ^ ‘dre ~ return of Martinique sees exposure JetrBouÌevard “. It exchanges with Vincent tables <T ^ ^ nltRus eÏlvoit probably the exhibition. He leaves Cormon iït’eiie ^ and plans to go to Belle-Ile. November 10-December 20 ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^^^ sitionde’quatre-twenty-two paintings and drawings by Pu ^ deC’havannes the Durand-Ruel gallery. VinœnFvisite Pwis the exhibition Chavannes. Frank Boggs is back in Paris. November 21 Theo buys Renoir painting on the terrace the next day and sells the “merchant-amateur” Guyotin (ANNEX Theo). The same day he bought three paintings of Sisley also sells it the next day at Guyotin. ‘Décenibre December 9 Theo buys a painting by Guillaumin for home Boussod and Valadon (ANNEX Theo). December 13 Portier Theo sold a Monet painting. Theo Ie resells four days later Guyotin (ANNEX Theo). Vincent exhibits at least one table Voyer d’Argenson Park àAsnières, lovers (cat no. 55) to the rehearsal hall of the Free Theatre Antoine, 96, Rue Blanche; Seurat and Signac will also show works (late November-December to Jan. 1888). Anquetin, Seurat, Signac, Camille and Lucien Pissarro, etc. exhibit in the salons of The Independent Review (déc.janv.). Seurat and Aman-Jean will probably see Vincent home to speak with an array (W-0, p. 4l). December 1888-5 January 1889 Exhibition of two hundred eighty-two etchings, paintings, fans, drawings, watercolors, colored prints of Henri Guérard, Berheim-Jeune gallery (with prints, fans, etc. of Japanese S. Bing collections, Ph. Burty, L. and H. Gonse Cernuschi).  

  • 05 Jan 1888

    Winter – 1887-88 – Paris

      December 15 Theo buys a table G. Pissarro and sells the same day at Guyotin (ANNEX Theo). Theo organizes the gallery Boussod, Valadon et Cie an exhibition with three tables and five ceramics by Gauguin, three fans and 0. Pissarro paintings as well as works by Guillaumin. During ^ of Phiver, in cafes and in the presence of Vincent Bernard argument is repeatedly ec”Gau av ~ ^ e “” 1 Jors heated discussions on artistic issues Vincent pleasant moments spent in the workshop GuiUaumin (2. ^ 504). ÌenndaI January 1888; tI ^ eL1887-.1888 ‘PETAT Physical and mental Vincent deteriorates i] painted trespeu “(L ^ I89) 1 l” ^ January T.Slrïdtro sfoisauma§asindeBi “accounts but finds CTOSE door!” (‘. LT5llS) puurreelerses January 4 £;, ™ “”‘ -: – ï.nïa; – if. Theo ÌÌScvend his picture Rice Powder (cat. N “125). ^ A” ^ tfiXDOse in the salons of The Independent Review. îh’eo “exhibited at Boussod, Valadon and G11- a new instrument Gaugum. ^ _ ^ __ wrote the Albert Aurier about a project publicaïon’deÏthographies with Gauguin, D ^ egas, etc. Monet’travaHle ‘ Antibes and Juan-les-Pins January until May 0} _ _ ^ _ ^ Theo’informe C. Pissarro he could not sell any of the works exhibited at the gallery Boussod, Valadon and G “-., in December. ^ ^ _ ^ Ic Announces G. Pissarro he leaves for Brussels to annual r’exposition of ^ Z to which he is invited to participate (BH, p. 216). February 9 (or 16) February, Gauguin left for Pont-Aven. After the departure of Gauguin, Vincent and Theo are often found in artists’ studios and cafés of the “Petit Boulevard” with Guillaumin, C. and L. Pissarro and Seurat, to discuss (LT553a). Anquetin, Lautrec, Signac and Guillaumin participate in the Fifth Exhibition of the XX in Brussels. February 14 Opening of the exhibition Four Hundred painters of portraits at the Louvre with self-portraits of David, Poussin, Courbet, Rembrandt, Delacroix, etc. Vincent painted his Portrait of the artist himself, the stand (Cat. N0 68) and attends a concert of Wagner. Staying with Renoir Cézanne at the Jas de Bouffan. Vincent mentally and physically suffers from the stresses of life in Paris (LT544a). February 18 On the eve of his departure, Vincent Bernard’s company, decorates the apartment with Theo prints] aponaises and paintings that must somehow symbolize his presence. February 19 A few hours before his departure, Vincent and Theo will see Seurat’s paintings in his studio (LT 655). February 20 comes around noon Vincent in Arles.

  • 19 Feb 1888

    February 19, 1888 – Vincent visits Seurat’s studio with Theo and then leaves for Arles

    “My dear Theo,   During the journey I thought at least as much about you as about the new country I was seeing. But I tell myself that you’ll perhaps come here often yourself later on. It seems to me almost impossible to be able to work in Paris, unless you have a refuge in which to recover and regain your peace of mind and self-composure. Without that, you’d be bound to get utterly numbed.” Vincent to Theo after arriving in Arles:  February 21, 1888, #577   Vincent has left Paris, in part, to seek the effects of a more Mediterranean sun on his broadening color palette.  He also tired of the big city feel of Paris and longed for a less populated landscape upon which to roam and paint the scenes that moved him.

  • 01 May 1888

    May 1, 1888 – Vincent rents 4 rooms in “The Yellow House”

    He will not move in until September but will work at making it livable and use it as a studio while he stays in a room above the Cafe de La Gare around the corner from the yellow house.  Vincent has visions of furnishing it for several artists to live communally and in austerity while producing art for sale in exchange for rent paid by the art dealers supporting the effort.

  • 12 May 1888

    Spring 1888 – Vincent paints The Langlois Bridge in Arles

    He also completes Irises and several studies and paintings of the Road to Tarascon.

  • 01 Jun 1888

    May 30 to June 2, 1888 – Vincent visits Saintes Maries de la Mer

    Inspired by bands of gypsies in procession through Arles on their way down the 50 kilometer path to the sea through the Camargue of Provence, Vincent saw the Mediterranean sea for the first time in his life in the village of Saintes Maries de la Mer.  A sacred site which still attracts thousands of followers in late May for the celebration of the biblical journey of Mary Magdalene, Mary Solame,  and Lazarus fleeing Egypt after the crucifixion of Jesus for the welcome shores of southern France.  Saint Sarah, either a resident of the town who took in the Mary’s or a guide who brought them across the Mediterranean is venerated during the three day annual ceremonies.  

  • 23 Oct 1888

  • 23 Dec 1888

    December 23, 1888 – Vincent cuts off part of his ear with a razor and is admitted to the Arles Hospital

    In an absinthe fueled state of instability and believing that Gauguin is deserting him and his studio of the south, Vincent uses a straight razor to slice off the lobe and part of the cartilage of his ear.  He has martyred himself like a bull in arena at Arles and then taken the ear, wrapped in a handkerchief to where he hoped to find Gauguin, a local brothel where Gauguin favored one of the ladies of the evening.  He is later found passed out, probably due to the volume of blood loss, and admitted unconscious to the hospital in Arles.  Another potential contributing factor to Vincent’s break was his receipt of a letter from his brother this day in which Theo announces his proposal of marriage to Johanna Bonger, two large and isolating pieces of news on the same day may have pushed Vincent from reality.

  • 31 Dec 1888

    December 31, 1888 – Vincent is coherent after 7 days of being semi-conscious in the Hospital in Arles

    Vincent experiences his first break from reality for 7 days but pulls out very coherently and is arguing for his release by the 2nd of January.  He is released and returns to the empty Yellow House on January 7, 1889.

  • 04 Jan 1889

    January 4, 1889 – Vincent is allowed to leave the hospital with his friend Roulin.

    They go back to the Yellow House for a few hours after a walk in the fresh air and Roulin reports Vincent recovered in a letter he writes to Theo.  Vincent also writes a couple of notes to Gauguin and Theo and then returns to the hospital until the 7th when he is released completely.

  • 07 Jan 1889

    January 7th, 1889 – Vincent is released from the Hotel Dieu Hospital in Arles and returns to the Yellow House

    Dr. Rey and two colleagues accompany Vincent back to his house to view his painting and talk color theory and complimentaries.  Vincent writes Theo the next morning and sets to work on a number of portraits – Dr. Rey and a new self portrait with bandaged ear and to work on the empty chair he had begun before his attack.

  • 07 Feb 1889

    February 7th, 1889 – Vincent is taken to the Hospital Dieu in Arles again

    He has suffered another break from reality and believed for three days he was being poisoned.  His charwoman or cleaning lady told his neighbors he was secluding himself and not eating and the neighbors take the matter to the superintendent of police in Arles.  He has Vincent watched, does some investigation and declares Vincent to be unsafe.  He is admitted with hallucinations of voices reproaching him and continues to believe others are trying to poison him.  He will stay in the hospital for the next ten days.

  • 17 Feb 1889

    February 17th, 1889 – Vincent is again released from the hospital in Arles as his symptoms subside.

    He heads home during the day to work and takes his meals at the hospital and also sleeps there each night.  His neighbors are alarmed at his return and create a petition for the mayor alleging Vincent is a danger to women and children and drinks too much and is not in complete control of his faculties.  Within a week, the mayor has decided to agree with the petition’s recommendation that he be removed to either his family or an institution.

  • 25 Feb 1889

    February 25th, 1889 – Vincent is again admitted to the Hospital Dieu in Arles.

    His Yellow House is locked up and Vincent is escorted to the hospital in Arles by the superintendent of police around February 25th and harbors great resentment towards his neighbors and the people of Arles from that day forward.  He is put in isolation and not allowed his pipe or paints or books.  Vincent is lucid and aware of all that is going on around him and views his room as a cell.

  • 26 Mar 1889

    March 26th, 1889 – Paul Signac visits Vincent in the hospital at Arles.

    After a month without a book or his paints, together Vincent and Signac are allowed to go the Yellow House and Signac is allowed to force open the door as the police have broken the lock during Vincent’s incarceration.  Vincent presents Signac with a painting of bloaters (a demeaning reference to the people of Arles) similar to two studies Vincent had completed in Paris. Signac had admired these pieces during Vincent’s stay there and the summer months spent together in Asnieres sur Seine painting from the river banks.  After this visit, Vincent will be allowed to read and paint again at the asylum/hospital in Arles.  Signac sends a letter to Theo the next day reporting Vincent to be in good health both physically and mentally.

  • 19 Apr 1889

    April 19th, 1889 – Vincent writes Theo that he would rather live in an asylum for a few months than move into a new apartment in Arles.

    Two days before, Theo has married Johanna Bonger.  Vincent has chosen the hospital of Saint Paul de Mausole at Saint Remy de Provence, about 30 kilometers northeast of Arles.  He has been painting orchards again and is reminded of last spring and his first views of the crau and Montmajour and the early blossoming fruit trees.  Within two weeks, he will self admit at the asylum at St. Remy and live and paint from there for nearly 12 months before moving back to the environs of Paris at Auvers Sur Oise, his final resting place.

  • 08 May 1889

    May 8th, 1889 – Vincent, in the company of Reverend Salles from Arles admits himself to St. Paul de Mausole in St. Remy.

    He has spent the last two weeks packing his art work in cases at the Yellow House and has sent them off to Theo in Paris by freight train.  He will at first paint and draw in the gardens of the hospital and the view of the wheat fields and alpilles he can see from his barred window.  After a time, he is allowed off the grounds during the day where he will continue to paint wheat fields and laborers and will also find cypresses and olive trees during this period and capture them in a way previously unseen.

  • 05 Sep 1889

    September, 1889 – Vincent paints two self portraits at St. Remy

    He ends up bringing both of them to Auvers with him on the train a few months later.  One has a violet blue background and the other a blue gray swirling background (F:626 & F:627).

  • 19 May 1890

    May 19, 1890 – Vincent leaves Arles for Paris and Auvers Sur Oise

    “My dear brother After a last discussion with Mr. Peyron I obtained permission to pack my trunk, which I’ve sent by goods train. The 30 kilos of luggage one is allowed to take will allow me to take a few frames, easel and some stretching frames &c.” … … ” In Paris, if I feel up to it, I’d immediately very much like to do a painting of a yellow bookshop (gas effect), which I’ve had in my mind for so long. You’ll see that I’ll be at work right from the day after my arrival. I tell you, as regards work, my mind feels absolutely serene and the brushstrokes come to me and follow each other very logically. Anyway until Sunday AT THE LATEST, I shake your hand firmly in the meantime, warm regards to Jo. Ever yours, Vincent.” Vincent to Theo, May 13, 1890 – #872

  • 24 May 1890

    May 24, 1890 – Vincent probably paints The House of Pere Pilon on or around this date

    There is no mention of this painting made in any known letters to or from Vincent.  The date of the painting is estimated based upon it being known there was a storm experienced over the following weekend which Vincent captures in a couple of paintings – and the background of this painting possibly showing the beginnings of that coming storm.

  • 30 May 1890

    May 30, 1890 – Vincent paints Stairs with Figures

    This dating is based upon no mention being made in a letter of the painting but a similar motif to chestnut tree paintings known to have been completed by May 24 (Vincent to Theo May 25, 1890).  Probably a companion to House of Pere Pilon, also presumed to have been done in the same few days before June in 1890.

  • 01 Jun 1890

    June 1, 1890 – Vincent paints Dr Gachet’s garden and his daughter, Marguerite

    “He certainly seems to me as ill and distraught as you or me, and he is older and lost his wife several years ago, but he is very much the doctor, and his profession and faith still sustain him. We are great friends already, and as it happens, he already knew Brias of Montpellier and has the same idea of him that I have, that there you have someone significant in the history of modern art. I am working at his portrait, the head with a white cap, very fair, very light, the hands also a light flesh tint, a blue frock coat and a cobalt blue background, leaning on a red table, on which are a yellow book and a foxglove plant with purple flowers [F 753, JH 2007]. It is in the same sentiment as the self-portrait I did when I left for this place.“ …….”I’ll very probably also do the portrait of his daughter, who is 19, and with whom I can easily imagine Jo will quickly make friends.“ Vincent to Theo, June 3rd, 1890

  • 03 Jun 1890

    June 3, 1890 – Vincent begins work on Dr. Gachet and the Church at Auvers

    Vincent’s love of portraiture finds a happy and willing model in Dr. Gachet, an artist himself.  He very much likes Vincent’s painting of him and requests another which Van Gogh cheerfully does.  The Church at Auvers reminds him of earlier studies he created in Nuenen in The Netherlands.

  • 16 Jun 1890

    June 16, 1890 – Vincent paints the White House at Night

    This exact dating of the painting is based upon research performed by astronomers from a Texas university aligning the white house and the rising of Venus on an around July 17th when Vincent writes Theo to describe the painting.

  • 24 Jun 1890

    June 24, 1890 – Vincent paints Undergrowth with Two Figures

    and Wheat Fields near Auvers & The Chateau at Sunset This dating is based upon a letter written to Theo and Jo about the paintings on June 24, 1890 where all three are described.  These three double size canvases were most likely meant to show together.

  • 10 Jul 1890

    July 7-10, 1890 – Vincent paints Wheat Field with Crows

    Widely rumored to be Vincent’s last painting due to its ominous and menacing skies supposedly being a forewarning of his suicide, instead, this painting is thought to be more about rejuvenation and hope as well as the sadness and or loneliness most feel  upon first glance. More likely, this was painted about two weeks before Vincent’s death at about the same time as “Wheat Field Under Clouded Sky” (F:778)

  • 27 Jul 1890

    July 27, 1890 – Vincent is discovered bleeding from a gunshot wound, presumably self-inflicted

    There are some disagreements as to exactly where Vincent received the wound that ended his life but it is confirmed it happened during the day on July 27th.  For more detail on Vincent’s death, click here.

  • 29 Jul 1890

    July 29, 1890 @ 1:30 AM – Vincent succumbs to his wound and passes away

    Emile’s letter to Aurier – August 2 1890: My dear Aurier, Your absence from Paris means that you have not heard the dreadful news which however I am obliged to tell you without delay: Our dear friend Vincent died four days ago. I think that you will have already guessed the fact that he killed himself. On Sunday evening he went out into the countryside near Auvers, placed his easel against a haystack and went behind the chateau and fired a revolver shot at himself. Under the violence of the impact (the bullet entered his body below the heart) he fell, but he got up again, and fell three times more, before he got back to the inn where he was staying (Ravoux, place de la Mairie) without telling anyone about his injury. He finally died on Monday evening, still smoking his pipe which he refused to let go of, explaining that his suicide had been absolutely deliberate and that he had done it in complete lucidity. A typical detail that I was told about his wish to die was that when Dr. Gachet told him that he still hoped to save his life, he said, “Then I’ll have to do it over again.” But, alas, it was no longer possible to save him…. On Wednesday 30 July, yesterday that is, I arrived in Auvers at about 10 o’clock. His brother, Theodore van ghohg [sic], was there together with Dr. Gachet. Also Tanguy (he had been there since 9 o’clock). Charles Laval accompanied me. The coffin was already closed, I arrived too late to see the man again who had left me four years ago so full of expectations of all kinds… The innkeeper told us all the details of the accident, the offensive visit of the gendarmes who even went up to his bedside to reproach him for an act for which he alone was responsible…etc… On the walls of the room where his body was laid out all his last canvases were hung making a sort of halo for him and the brilliance of the genius that radiated from them made this death even more painful for us artists who were there. The coffin was covered with a simple white cloth and surrounded with masses of flowers, the sunflowers that he loved so much, yellow dahlias, yellow flowers everywhere. It was, you will remember, his favourite colour, the symbol of the light that he dreamed of as being in people’s hearts as well as in works of art. Near him also on the floor in front of his coffin were his easel, his folding stool and his brushes. Many people arrived, mainly artists, among whom I recognized Lucien Pissarro and Lauzet, the others I did not know, also some local people who had known him a little, seen him once o twice and who liked him because he was so good-hearted, so human… There we were, completely silent all of us together around this coffin that held our […]

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